MASHA'IKH-E-CHISHT

INTRODUCTION

This book which is presented to readers, contains the names and life-episodes
of such noble Auliya and Masha-ikh whose existence constitutes a ni’mat
(divine favour) and whose very mention is a rahmat (divine mercy) for the world.
They have reached Allah and they deliver others to Allah (i.e. they are both
Waasil ilallaah and Mْsil ilallaah). Most aptly does the following gracious
Qur’aanic aayat apply to these illustrious Souls:
“Those first ones who have taken the lead among the Muhaajireen and
the Ansaar and those who have followed them with the firmest conviction of
Imaan (Ihsaan), Allah is well-pleased with them and they are well-pleased with
Him.”
They were the true and perfect Mu’mins. They were excellent Muslims.
In reality they were the slaves of Allah. They fully fulfilled the design declared
in the aayat:
“I have not created jinn and man except that they worship Me.”

However, in view of these pages emerging from the pen of a non-entity of deficient
righteousness, they (these pages) do not deserve presentation to friends. Hence,
the written manuscript had laid around for a considerable period of time.

I shall briefly explain the circumstances which constrained me to engage
in writing this book. Although I had acquired the greater part of my academic
knowledge studying under my father (May Allah brighten his abode of rest),
a substantial segment of academic knowledge was acquired in the Madrasah under
the blessed shadow of the Masha-ikh of the Madrasah. When my studies
neared completion, a natural desire to aid the Madrasah developed in me. I
thought that if I cannot financially assist on account of the lack of monetary
means, I could at least aid by presenting a written treatise on the conditions
and progress of the Madrasah. In making such a presentation to the people of
goodwill, I shall at least become one who directs towards goodness.

Since I had not as yet written a book, I initiated my program of writing
for the sake of barkat, with the Chishti Masha-ikh. Every link in this
illustrious Chain of Masha-ikh is a source of virtue and blessing. From
them generate anwaar (divine illumination) and spiritual effects. The writing
of this treatise was interrupted with the commencement of another book, Taarikh-e-Mazaahir
(The History of the Madrasah Mazaaharal Uloom). Thereafter (i.e. even before
completing the second book) I engaged in writing Bazlul Majhood and Aujazul
Masalik. Involvement with the latter two writings did not permit me
to complete the former two. The considerable time lapse dissipated my hope
and enthusiasm for the accomplishment of the former two writings. However,
no one can estimate the limitless bounties of Allah Ta’ala. The grace
and kindness of Allah Ta’ala are not dependent on anyone’s qualification
and ability.

In submission to the instruction of one of my seniors I had to prepare a
brief compilation of 40 Ahadith. The wide and intensive acceptance of this
compilation encouraged my friends to insist on the publication of the incomplete
manuscript (i.e. Masha-ikh-e-Chisht). I no longer cherished the hope
of completing the book due to the inavailability of time. The deficiency in
the manuscript was only that many accounts had not yet been written. To accomplish
this, it was necessary to refer to certain books of history. However, this
was not such a deficiency which would render the book futile. Hence, I did
not oppose the idea of its publication in its existing form. I, therefore,
handed for publication the manuscript after adding this brief introduction.

In the initial writing, the introduction was very lengthy. It consisted of
the purpose of the book and the literary services of the Akaabireen (Senior
Ulama). For the sake of brevity, these were deleted.

Before presenting the actual subject, I wish to make a necessary request
to readers. Firstly, historical narration and facts are not entirely as authentic
and reliable as the narratives of Knowledge. Secondly, the life-stories of
the Masha-ikh are caught between two groups of extremists – their
devotees and their enemies. It is for this reason that often the reality of
events pertaining to the Masha-ikh becomes blurred. Therefore, if any
anecdote of the Masha-ikh is found to be in conflict with the Shariah,
then to follow will not be permissible nor is it permissible to speak or think
ill of the august person to whom the incident is related.

و ما توفيقى الا بالله عليه توكلت واليه انيب

My taufeeq is with only Allah. I trust on Him and towards Him do I turn (in
repentance).

Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhalwi *

24th Rabiuth Thaani 1349 Hijri

The aforegoing introduction was written 43 years ago in the year 1349 in
the hope of publishing this book. Fate, however, did not permit publication
at that time. Now my grandson (daughter’s son), Molvi Shahid (May
Allah preserve him in safety) is publishing it. May Allah Ta’ala grant
it wide and intensive acceptance. May He make it beneficial and may Allah Ta’ala
grant in full measure the barkat of these illustrious Masha-ikh (May
Allah have mercy on them).

Muhammad Zakariyya

5th Shabaan 1392 (Friday)


* Hadhrat Shaikhul Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya-rahmatullah alayh-of Mazaaharal Uloom, Sahaaranpur, India.- Translator.

THE SHAJARAH

SAYYIDUL QAUNAIN, KHAATAMUN NABIYEEN (صلى الله عايه وسالم)

First Year

Second Year

Third Year

Fourth Year

Fifth Year

Sixth Year

Seventh Year

Eighth Year

Ninth Year

Tenth Year

Miscellaneous Anecdotes

KHULAFA-E-RAASHIDEEN

HADHRAT ABU BAKR SIDDIQUE (رضئ الله عنه )

Abu Bakr’s Acceptance of Islam

The Strength of His Imaan

The Khalifah’s Wages

Abu Bakr’s Death

Miscellaneous Anecdotes

HADHRAT UMAR FAROOQ(رضئ الله عنه )

His Acceptance of Islam

Umar’s Hijrat (Migration)

Hadhrat Umar’s Demise

Miscellaneous Anecdotes

HADHRAT UTHMAAN GHANI (رضئ الله عنه )

His Demise

Miscellaneous Anecdotes

HADHRAT ALI(رضئ الله عنه )

His Fear

His Demise

Miscellaneous Anecdotes

HADHRAT HASAN BASRI (rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJH ABDUL WAAHID BIN ZAID ABUL FADHL (rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJAH FUDHAIL BIN IYAADH BIN MAS'UD BIN BISHR TAMEEMI (rahmatullah alayhima)

SULTAN IBRAAHIM BIN ADHAM BIN MANSUR(rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJAH HUZAIFAH AL-MAR’ASHI(rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJAH ABU HUBAIRAH(rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJAH ILW MUMSHAD DINWARI(rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJAH ABU ISHAAQ(rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJAH ABU AHMAD ABDAAL CHISHTI(rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJAH MUHAMMAD (OR ABU MUHAMMAD BIN ABI AHMAD){rahmatullah alayh}

KHWAAJAH SAYYID ABU YUSUF BIN SAM’AAN AL-HUSAINI AL-CHISHTI(rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJAH MAUDOOD CHISHTI(rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJAH SHAREEF ZANDANI(rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJAH UTHMAAN HAARUNI(rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJAH MUINUD DEEN CHISHTI AJMERI(rahmatullah alayh)

HADHRAT SHAIKH QUTBUD DEEN BAKHTIYAAR KAAKI(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAIKH FARIDUD DEEN SHAKAR GANJ(rahmatullah alayh)

KHWAAJAH ALAAUD DEEN ALI AHMAD SAABIR KALYARI(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAIKH SHAMSUD DEEN TURK PAANIPATI(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAIKH JALAALUD DEEN KABIRUL AULIYAA(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAIKH AHMAD ABDUL HAQ RADOLI(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAIKH MUHAMMAD AARIF(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAIKH MUHAMMAD BIN SHAIK AARIF(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAIKH MASHAA-IKH SHAH ABDUL QUDDUS GANGOHI(rahmatullah alayh)

HADHRAT JALAALUD DEEN MAHMUD UMRI THANESRI(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAIKH NIZAAMUD DEEN AL-UMRI THANESRI(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAH ABU SAEED NU’MAANI AN-NAUSHARWAANI GANGOHI(rahmatullah alayh)

MAULANA SHAIKH KHWAAJAH MUHIBBULLAH ILAHABADI(rahmatullah alayh)

MAULANA SHAIKH SAYYID MUHAMMADI AKBARAABADI(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAH MUHAMMAD MAKKI JA’FARI(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAH ADH-DUD DEEN(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAIKH ABDUL HAADI(rahmatullah alayh)

SHAH ABDUL BAARI SIDDIQUI(rahmatullah alayh)

HADHRAT SHAIKH AL-HAJ ABDUR RAHEEM(rahmatullah alayh)

HADHRAT AQDAS MIANJI NUR MUHAMMAD(rahmatullah alayh)

HAJI IMDAADULLAH MUHAAJIR-E-MAKKI(rahmatullah alayh)

HADHRAT AQDAS MAULANA RASHID AHMAD GANGOHI(rahmatullah alayh)

The Hajj Journey

His Demise

Miscellaneous Anecdotes

His Khulafaa

HADHRAT AQDAS MAULANA AL-HAAJ KHALIL AHMAD(rahmatullah alayh)

Miscellaneous Anecdotes

His Works

Hadhrat’s Khulafaa

CONCLUSION

AN EXPLANATORY NOTE

HADHRAT AQDAS SHAIKHUL HADITH MUHAMMAD ZAKARIYYAH(rahmatullah alayh)

Hadhrat Shaikh’s Marriages

Hadhrat Shaikh’s Hajj Journeys

Some Sayings of Hadhrat Shaikh